Do (Soo Bahk Do) Forms Training
by Master C. Terrigno - 5th Dan
Editor - Tang Soo Do World
training is both an application of Tang Soo Do fighting techniques and
an artistic expression of those techniques. It has internal (Neh Gung)
as well as external (Weh Gung) attributes and benefits. Internally, we
are exercising the vital organs and developing internal energy and power
(Ki) through proper breathing. Externally we learn how to control that
power in the execution of the physical techniques in increasingly
complex patterns against multiple opponents.
As an art
form, hyung practice should demonstrate not only the fighting
applications from a technical aspect, but also the artistry of good
presentation, and that requires more than just exhibiting strong
fighting skills. That aspect is a function of the mental and
spiritual (Shim Gung) state of the practitioner.
practicing forms, or learning a new one, it is useful to break the form
down into components, working on different ones individually and then
adding them together. Phase 1 can be considered the basic, or rough
draft stage while Phase 2 adds more ingredients that help the form take
shape and strengthen it. Phase 3 can be considered the "polishing" phase
where refinement of the form takes place.
- Understand the characteristics of the form
- Learn the overall pattern of the form
- Learn the individual movements and integrate them into the form's
- Focus on breathing, tension / relaxation and power control
- Concentrate on the rhythm of the form
- Practice with a sense of awareness and realism
The final step would be to evaluate the form in its totality, much
like a painter stands back to look at his art from a distance. This
perspective deals with the overall composition of the form and should
consider three things: Line, Speed, and Beauty.
Line (Suhn) is about extension. It is characterized by longer
stances and techniques extended within their full range of motion,
rather than short, restricted movements. It is also about solid stances
and smooth transition from one position to the next.
Speed (Sohk) is best reflected by variation in timing of
directional movements as well as the speed of the techniques themselves.
Avoid static, predictable timing between techniques. Some movements will
be executed individually and others in combinations with varied timing.
Some moves are explosive and others more relaxed and contemplative.
Beauty (Mee) is the overall impression you create with your
interpretation of the perfect form. It is a feeling experienced by the
performer and transferred to the observer. Like a painting, if the
audience felt or saw your inspiration, it's presentation would be
The Forms of
Tang Soo Do (Soo Bahk Do)
following list includes all the traditional Tang Soo Do forms as well as
forms that were later introduced by Grandmaster Hwang Kee, which may or
may not be part of your curriculum.